Hemorrhoid Surgery or Hemorrhoidectomy Procedure
Hemorrhoid self-treatment involves improving bowel habits, increasing fiber
consumption, drinking more water, and exercising regularly. If you have tried
all of these and none seem to work, then you may have to consider alternative
This article is about the most intrusive treatment available for hemorrhoids
- the removal of hemorrhoids through surgery also referred to as a
hemorrhoidectomy. Many other hemorrhoid surgery treatments are discussed
elsewhere on our site, including rubber band ligation, cryosurgery, and
sclerotherapy as well as infrared and BICAP coagulation, which you may find
through the appropriate links.
The Last Alternative: Hemorrhoids Surgery
Only a very small percentage of hemorrhoids cases - less than one percent -
actually require surgery. Most can be treated by using a number of other
Hemorrhoids are rated on a scale of one to four with four being the most
severe type. Having grade four hemorrhoids - and sometimes grade three if no
other treatment has worked - makes you a candidate for a hemorrhoidectomy. A
hemorrhoidectomy is also recommended for internal and external hemorrhoids that
are unusually large, painful and that cause severe itching.
What Happens During Hemorrhoids Surgery?
Blood and urine tests are conducted before or on the day of surgery to
ensure that you are in good health. A laxative may be required the evening
before. You are not to eat or drink anything - including water - for between
eight and twelve hours prior to surgery. The hospital or outpatient center
requests that you arrive early to do paperwork and get prepared for the
A spinal anesthesia is used to numb you from the waist down, including the
area around the rectum. A general anesthesia may also be used to put you to
sleep so that you are not aware of what is going on around you. Both methods
help your body to relax as it will be subjected to an intrusive procedure.
Next, the area around your anus and rectum is prepared for hemorrhoid
surgery. A doctor may choose to use a scalpel (a sharp, thin knife), a laser,
or a cautery pencil (a tool that uses electricity) to perform the hemorrhoids
surgery. The procedure consists of the doctor cutting off the hemorrhoids and
stitching the area that has been cut. A small cotton pad may be placed on the
anus to absorb any drainage at and around the incision area.
Recovering from Hemorrhoid Surgery
Hospital recovery time can take anywhere from three to ten days followed by
one to four weeks of rest at home. Recovery time is based on the severity of
surgery and your body’s ability to heal itself.
When Not to Have Hemorrhoid Surgery
Surgery is not recommended for small
internal hemorrhoids. However, it may
be necessary if these small ones are located alongside large internal
hemorrhoids or you also have external ones.
Hemorrhoid Surgery with Lasers
Many in the medical profession claim that lasers are less painful method and
have a faster healing time. However, none of these claims have any real
evidence to back them up. It is a fact that laser treatments are more expensive
than traditional hemorrhoid surgery methods. Lasers also take longer because
you must return for additional treatments and there is also the possibility of
deep tissue damage.
Alternatives to Hemorrhoids Surgery
A number of
alternatives to hemorrhoids surgery have been developed by major
pharmaceutical manufacturers. Consisting of herbal and botanical products,
these all natural treatments, including
pills and Avatrol as well as ZENMED
Ziro Cream, have been shown to effectively cure hemorrhoids. Best of all, these
treatments can be sent to and used in the privacy of your own home at a very
low cost compared to surgery.
Additional Information on Hemorrhoid Surgery
Do you want to read more about what to expect after hemorrhoid surgery as
well as how well it works as a treatment? Click on hemorrhoidectomy pros and
cons to continue to an additional article on hemorrhoid surgery.
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