This article answers such questions as:
- What is an internal hemorrhoid?
- Where are they located?
- What are the internal hemorrhoids treatments available
Where to Find Internal Hemorrhoids
First, it is important to provide you with a brief overview of this little
known portion of your anatomy since it will help develop an understanding of
how an internal hemorrhoid develops.
The anus is a hole that is located on your posterior region that leads
approximately two inches up to the anal canal. The anal canal leads to the
rectum, a vertical cavity about 5 inches long and 1 ½ inches wide that ends at
the opening to the colon. The rectum is responsible for storing feces until it
is ready to be passed out of the body. When internal hemorrhoids develop inside
the passageway of the anus, they can be found at the top of the anal canal.
Click the thumbnail of the internal hemorrhoids picture to get a better
understanding of their location.
Unlike external hemorrhoids, an internal hemorrhoid cannot be felt or seen
due to their location. Because internal anal tissues lack pain-sensitive
nerves, it is more than likely that you will not feel pain or discomfort as
with most other cases of hemorrhoids. One of the few indications that you may
have internal hemorrhoids is the sensation that your rectum still feels full
even after having a bowel movement. Usually, you feel a bit lighter and empty
Irritation may occur if the delicate surface of the internal hemorrhoid is
injured due to straining or by having a hard stool (constipation). In this
case, you may notice small droplets of blood on the toilet paper as you wipe
the area or you may spot it in the toilet.
Internal hemorrhoids have a tendency to grow (or prolapse) to the point that
they move outside of the anal sphincter (circular muscles that constrict to
hold onto feces until defecation.). If so, you may be able to see pink areas
that spread out into a darker shade of pink. These areas may feel like small,
grape-like and damp bumps.
The internal hemorrhoids can move back into the rectum on their own or by
carefully moving them back into their original position. However, pain can
become even more intense if the internal hemorrhoids travel outside of the anus
and form small bulbous masses.
Internal Hemorrhoids Diagnosis
Because of the location and feel of internal hemorrhoids, your physician may
have to conduct a rectal examination with a rubber-gloved finger. This type of
exam is not pleasant, can be embarrassing and may even be inconclusive.
However, if an internal hemorrhoid moves outside of the sphincter, a doctor may
have an easier job at diagnosing your condition.
Methods to Remove Internal Hemorrhoids
Many methods now are available to
alleviate or reduce the size of your
internal hemorrhoids. These methods include:
- Rubber Band Ligation is a relatively painless procedure that involves
placing a rubber band around the bottom of an internal hemorrhoid that is
located inside the rectum. The rubber band effectively cuts off blood
circulation, which causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and eventually disappear.
- Natural over the counter treatment options have gained a lot of popularity.
- Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical solution into the blood
vessels that connect to the hemorrhoid to reduce its size.
- Infrared Photocoagulation uses an infrared light source to cut off
circulation from the veins that go into the internal hemorrhoid usually over
a period of treatments.
- Hemorrhoidectomy is a more intrusive surgical method used on both
internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids that do not respond to other
treatments. The outpatient surgery involves local anesthetic combined with
sedation, a spinal anesthetic, or general anesthetic. Depending on the
severity, an overnight hospital stay may be required. There may be some
discomfort, but new techniques that will be soon available are making
recovery easier. Medications can be prescribed for the pain or a warm bath
may also help to alleviate the pain.
- Other methods include using either a laser, electrical current, or liquid
nitrogen (also known as cryosurgery) to shrink or destroy internal
An Exciting Treatment for Internal Hemorrhoids
While we review many types of treatments for internal hemorrhoids, we have
received an overwhelming response to Venapro, a non-surgical approach
comprised of herbal extracts that has very impressive results. Venapro has
proved to be very effective in healing tissue damaged by internal
hemorrhoids, thereby providing instant relief from pain and discomfort
without the embarrassment of doctor exams and the intrusive nature of
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